We always define the terms of representation (including fees) in a written Letter of Engagement with each client. For most matters, we bill on lump sum basis and, in some occasions, we bill on hourly basis. Under the Tanzanian law, contingent fees arrangements are generally not allowed. Apart from professional fees, we bill disbursements separately.
In litigation, for example, disbursements include filing fees, court costs, expert fees, consultancy fees, photocopying, preparation of exhibits and photographs, investigative fees and expenses, court-mandated expenditures, specialized outside counsel fees and expenses (i.e., probate, taxation, bankruptcy), any expenses of a structured settlement, medical records, subpoenas, and all other reasonable and necessary costs and expenses which C & M Advocates in its professional judgment, determine to be reasonably needed to the prosecution and/or settlement of the claims of the client.